Vedic Mathematics is the collective name given to a set of sixteen mathematical ; formulae discovered by Jagadguru Swami Sri Bharati Krishna Tirathji Maharaj. Each formula deals with a different branch of mathematics. These sixteen formulae can be used to solve problems ranging from arithmetic to algebra to geometry to conics. The formulae are complete by themselves and applicable to any kind of mathematical problems. Complex problems can be solved in single steps and these systems are so simple that even people with an average knowledge of mathematics can understand them. Once the formula (which is called ‘sutra’ in Vedic mathematics) is learnt, it can be applied to a certain category of problems, such as multiplication, division, fractions etc.
Perhaps the most striking feature of the Vedic system is its coherence. Instead of a hotch-potch of unrelated techniques the whole system is beautifully interrelated and unified: the general multiplication method, for example, is easily reversed to allow one-line divisions and the simple squaring method can be reversed to give one-line square roots. And these are all easily understood. This unifying quality is very satisfying; it makes mathematics easy and enjoyable and encourages innovation. But the real beauty and effectiveness of Vedic Mathematics cannot be fully appreciated without actually practicing the system. One can then see that it is perhaps the most refined and efficient mathematical system possible.